Skip to Main Content
This paper proposes an evolutionary fuzzy lead-lag control approach for coordinated control of flexible AC transmission system (FACTS) devices in a multi-machine power system. The FACTS devices used are a thyristor-controlled series capacitor (TCSC) and a static var compensator (SVC), both of which are equipped with a fuzzy lead-lag controller to improve power system dynamic stability. The fuzzy lead-lag controller uses a fuzzy controller (FC) to adaptively determine the parameters of two lead-lag controllers at each control step according to the deviations of generator rotor speeds. This paper proposes an Advanced Continuous Ant Colony Optimization (ACACO) algorithm to optimize all of the free parameters in the FC, which avoids the time-consuming task of parameter selection by human experts. The effectiveness and efficiency of the proposed evolutionary fuzzy lead-lag controller for oscillation damping control is verified through control of a multi-machine power system and comparisons with other lead-lag controllers and various population-based optimization algorithms.