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Cooperative operation method of two battery systems at Microgrid system

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4 Author(s)
Wookyu Chae ; Res. Inst., KEPCO (Korea Electr. Power Corp.), Daejeon, South Korea ; Hakju Lee ; Jungsung Park ; Wonwook Jung

The grid-interconnected Microgrid must be able to operate without the utility's grid to supply electricity in case of outage. To operate in standalone mode, the Microgrid must control electricity demand or supply to maintain the frequency. The Microgrid EMS (Energy Management System) could control supply and demand with the AGC (Auto Generation Control) function using a communication line. Note, however, that the period of AGC is too slow to maintain the frequency if there is rapid variation in loads or generation. Moreover, the transition of operation mode could fail if there is too much power flow at PCC (Point of Common Coupling). In this paper, we propose a method of improving the stability of the grid-interconnected Microgrid using BESS (Battery Energy Storage System) and super capacitor. The cooperative control method between BESS and super capacitor uses droop, which is used at the generator. BESS could operate as UPC (Unit Power Control) or FFC (Feeder Flow Control) depending on Microgrid's operation strategy. We simulate the cooperative control method using PSCAD/EMTDC to verify the validity of the method. As a result, Microgrid's stability is improved using the cooperative control method, and the life span of BESS could be prolonged.

Published in:

Power Electronics for Distributed Generation Systems (PEDG), 2012 3rd IEEE International Symposium on

Date of Conference:

25-28 June 2012