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A great interest is recently paid to Electric Vehicles (EV) and their integration into electricity grids. EV can potentially play an important role in power system operation, however, the EV charging infrastructures have been only partly defined, considering them as limited to individual charging points, randomly distributed into the networks. This paper addresses the planning of public central charging stations (CCS) that can be integrated in low-voltage (LV) networks for EV parallel charging. The concepts of AC and DC architectures of CCS are proposed and a comparison is given on their investment cost. Investigation on location and size of CCS is conducted, analyzing two LV grids of different capacity. The results enlighten that a public CCS should be preferably located in the range of 100 m from the transformer. The AC charging levels of 11 kW and 22 kW have the highest potential in LV grids. The option of DC fast-charging is only possible in the larger capacity grids, withstanding the parallel charge of one or two vehicles.
Date of Conference: 25-28 June 2012