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Flashover from surface charge distribution on alumina insulators in vacuum

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5 Author(s)
Tumiran ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Gadjah Mada Univ., Indonesia ; Maeyama, M. ; Imada, H. ; Kobayashi, S.
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Surface charge distributions of disk type aluminas held between a backside electrode (alumina holder) and a needle electrode to be excited by an impulse voltage (rise time 64 μs, wave tail 700 μs) were measured. The measurement of surface charge distribution on the whole surface area of alumina YSA998 and UHA99 after impulse voltage application revealed that the surface charging can be initiated either from the anode or from the cathode triple junction. The charging initiated from the anode triple junction (for positive polarity) produced positive charge at the anode region and the density is dependent on the applied voltage, while the charging initiated from the cathode triple junction region (for negative polarity) produced negative charge around the cathode region. For positive polarity, the critical values of charge density to the flashover for alumina YSA998 and UHA98 are 5.70 and 17.2 μC/m2, respectively

Published in:

Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:4 ,  Issue: 4 )

Date of Publication:

Aug 1997

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