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Many robots use range data to obtain an almost 3-dimensional description of their environment. Feature driven segmentation of range images has been primarily used for 3D object recognition, and hence the accuracy of the detected features is a prominent issue. Inspired by the structure and behaviour of the human visual system, we present an approach to feature extraction in range data using spiking neural networks and a biologically plausible hexagonal pixel arrangement. Standard digital images are converted into a hexagonal pixel representation and then processed using a spiking neural network with hexagonal shaped receptive fields; this approach is a step towards developing a robotic eye that closely mimics the human eye. The performance is compared with receptive fields implemented on standard rectangular images. Results illustrate that, using hexagonally shaped receptive fields, performance is improved over standard rectangular shaped receptive fields.
Date of Conference: 10-15 June 2012