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Downscaling temperature and precipitation using support vector regression with evolutionary strategy

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3 Author(s)
Lima, A.R. ; Dept. of Earth & Ocean Sci., Univ. of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada ; Cannon, A.J. ; Hsieh, W.W.

In this work, we propose a hybrid algorithm combining support vector regression with evolutionary strategy (SVR-ES) in order to build successful predictive models for downscaling problems. SVR-ES uses uncorrelated mutation with p step sizes to find the optimal SVR hyper-parameters. Two downscaling forecast problems used in the WCCI-2006 contest - surface air temperature and precipitation - were tested. We used multiple linear regression (MLR) as benchmark and a variety of machine learning techniques including bootstrap-aggregated ensemble artificial neural network (ANN), SVR with hyper-parameters given by the Cherkassky-Ma estimate and random forest (RF). We also tested all techniques with using stepwise linear regression (SLR) first to screen out irrelevant predictors. We concluded that SVR-ES is an attractive approach because it tends to outperform the other techniques and can also be implemented in an almost automatic way. The Cherkassky-Ma estimate is a useful approach to minimizing the MAE error and also saves computational time related to the hyper-parameter search. The ANN and RF are also good options to outperform multiple linear regression (MLR). Finally, the use of SLR for predictor selection can dramatically reduce computational time and often help to enhance accuracy.

Published in:

Neural Networks (IJCNN), The 2012 International Joint Conference on

Date of Conference:

10-15 June 2012