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Pseudo-Traveling-Wave Resonator With Magnetically Tunable Phase Gradient of Fields and Its Applications to Beam-Steering Antennas

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4 Author(s)
Ueda, T. ; Dept. of Electron., Kyoto Inst. of Technol., Kyoto, Japan ; Yamamoto, S. ; Kado, Y. ; Itoh, T.

A pseudo-traveling-wave resonator with magnetically tunable phase gradient of field distribution is investigated, and a new type of beam-steering antenna based on the resonator is experimentally demonstrated for the first time. It is a short-ended transmission-line resonator and is composed of a nonreciprocal phase-shift composite right/left-handed transmission line using a polycrystalline yttrium-iron-garnet rod. The resonator operates as zeroth-order resonator if there is no dc magnetic field, and the radiation beam directs to broadside. By increasing an externally applied dc magnetic field normal to the substrate, the effective dc magnetization in the ferrite increases under the unsaturated regime. The phase gradient of the field distribution along the resonator is then continuously increased. As a result, the radiation beam direction changes obliquely with respect to broadside. Continuous backfire-to-endfire beam steering with more than 40° was achieved with almost constant gain of 5 dBi. In addition, numerical simulation results show considerably high radiation efficiency of 85%-95%, and the measured beam angle and gain were found almost constant within the relative bandwidth of 2%.

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Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:60 ,  Issue: 10 )