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Fundamental-frequency and harmonic positive- and negative-sequence components detection is an important task for implementing power converters for renewable energy systems, uninterruptible power supplies, active power filters, dynamic voltage restorers, and also for power systems protection relays. Detection techniques of this kind are generally implemented in digital signal processor (DSP) with the execution time limited by the sampling period. The computational effort of the control algorithm can considerably increase the execution time, due to the sequential nature of processing in DSP. A promising technique for sequence components separation of three-phase signals is the so called the generalized delayed signal cancelation-phase locked loop (GDSC-PLL). Field programmable gate array's (FPGA's) capacity of exploring the parallelism of operations present in the GDSC-PLL is demonstrated in this paper through the mapping of this technique directly in hardware, allowing for a much shorter execution time than in DSP. The proposed architecture is presented, and the efficient detection of the fundamental-frequency positive-sequence with FPGA is demonstrated, with the obtained results compared with a traditional DSP implementation. In particular, the advantages and possibilities of the use of FPGA are demonstrated in comparison with the DSP. For this comparison, a metric for evaluating the capacity of complexity increase in application algorithms is proposed.
Date of Publication: Feb. 2013