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In this paper, we propose and develop a small-scale research platform for intelligent transportation systems (ITSs). Our platform has four main parts, i.e., an arena, an indoor localization system, automated radio-controlled (RC) cars, and roadside monitoring facilities. First, to mimic traffic environments, we build an arena with a wooden floor, mock buildings, and streets. Second, to facilitate feedback control for trajectory following, an indoor localization system is set up to track the RC cars. Third, both autonomous driving RC cars and human driving RC cars are developed, based on an automated RC car design. The automated RC cars can receive control signals from a computer through an Xbee RF module and control the front and rear wheels through motors. A new control algorithm is developed to allow the RC cars to track predefined trajectories. Finally, we implement an example of roadside monitoring, which uses a fish-eye camera associated with advanced video processing for image segmentation, object identification, and tracking. Experiments are performed to demonstrate the effectiveness of the designed platform. We also discuss possible ITS research problems that can be studied in this testbed.
Intelligent Transportation Systems, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:13 , Issue: 4 )
Date of Publication: Dec. 2012