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A unifying resolution-independent formulation for early vision

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3 Author(s)
Viola, F. ; Univ. of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK ; Fitzgibbon, A. ; Cipolla, R.

We present a model for early vision tasks such as denoising, super-resolution, deblurring, and demosaicing. The model provides a resolution-independent representation of discrete images which admits a truly rotationally invariant prior. The model generalizes several existing approaches: variational methods, finite element methods, and discrete random fields. The primary contribution is a novel energy functional which has not previously been written down, which combines the discrete measurements from pixels with a continuous-domain world viewed through continous-domain point-spread functions. The value of the functional is that simple priors (such as total variation and generalizations) on the continous-domain world become realistic priors on the sampled images. We show that despite its apparent complexity, optimization of this model depends on just a few computational primitives, which although tedious to derive, can now be reused in many domains. We define a set of optimization algorithms which greatly overcome the apparent complexity of this model, and make possible its practical application. New experimental results include infinite-resolution upsampling, and a method for obtaining “subpixel superpixels”.

Published in:

Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 2012 IEEE Conference on

Date of Conference:

16-21 June 2012