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Anode Activity in a High-Current Vacuum Arc: Three-Dimensional Modeling and Simulation

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7 Author(s)
Lijun Wang ; State Key Laboratory of Electrical Insulation and Power Equipment, Xi'an Jiaotong University , Xi'an, China ; Xin Zhou ; Haijing Wang ; Zhonghao Qian
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In this paper, a transient 3-D model of the anode activity in a high-current vacuum arc (HCVA) was established. The melting, flow, evaporation, and solidification of the anode material were included in this model. Based on this model, the thermal and flow process of the anode in an HCVA under axial magnetic fields was simulated and analyzed. Simulation results showed that the maximum anode temperature appeared near 7 ms. The maximum rotational velocity and melting radius appeared near 9 ms. This meant that the anode was still in the melting, flow, and evaporation status near current zero moment, which was easier to cause reignition of vacuum interruption. Through 3-D modeling and simulation, a more visualized anode process can be understood. In the future, unsymmetrical anode phenomena will be researched and analyzed by this 3-D model.

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IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science  (Volume:40 ,  Issue: 9 )