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Constrained interleaving is presented to improve the performance of turbo product codes. Traditional row/column interleaving achieves the highest possible minimum distance while ignoring the error coefficients, whereas uniform interleaving focuses on reducing the error coefficients while ignoring the minimum distance. Constrained interleaving achieves the highest possible minimum distance thereby forcing error coefficients of all contributions below the highest achievable minimum distance to zero while simultaneously lowering the error coefficients of the remaining contributions close to those of uniform interleaving. We present a lower bound for the error rate with constrained interleaving, and demonstrate using 2D and 3D SPC codes that the bound can be approached reasonably well with a constrained interleaver that is only 2 to 3 times the size of a row/column interleaver. Constrained interleaving performs better than row/column interleaving and the improvement becomes more significant with increasing order of SPC. While uniform interleaving typically uses large interleaver sizes and creates an undesirable error floor, constrained interleaving performs better at much shorter interleaver sizes and eliminates the error floor.
Date of Publication: September 2012