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Vehicular communication systems represent one of the most desirable technologies when the safety, efficiency and comfort of everyday road travel need to be improved. The main advantage is the absence of an infrastructure, typical of centralized networks, that makes them very scalable and adequate for highly-variable network topologies. Vehicular Ad-hoc NETworks (VANETs) are able to provide wireless networking capability in situations where no fixed infrastructure exists and the communication among nodes can be either direct or made via relaying nodes, as in the classical ad-hoc networks. In this paper, the attention is focused mainly on the network layer of VANETs, proposing a novel approach to reduce the interference level during mobile transmission, also considering the minimization of path lengths. We propose an interference aware routing scheme for multi-radio vehicular networks and a new metric is also proposed, based both on the maximization of the average Signal to Interference level and on the minimization of the path length of the connection between source and destination. Our solution has been integrated with the AODV routing protocol to design a new MIMO Distance Vector Protocol. NS-2 has been used for implementing and testing the proposed idea, and significant performance improvements have been obtained.
Date of Conference: 6-9 May 2012