Skip to Main Content
Heterogeneous Network (HetNet) in 3GPP is a technique to increase network capacity. In order to further increase network capacity, Cell Range Expansion (CRE) and Time Domain Multiplexing Inter-Cell Interference Coordination (TDM-ICIC) have been discussed for LTE-Advanced. Since the parameter values for CRE and TDM-ICIC have a huge effect on network capacity expansion, in this paper, a cell-planning model for the downlink in HetNet with CRE and TDM-ICIC is presented in order to find the minimum number of installed pico BSs under the constraint of covering all user data traffic. The constraint condition is formulated by using an overload indicator for the cases of between normal subframes and muted subframes, because different interference sources are considered for these subframes by adopting TDM-ICIC. The appropriate parameter values of not only CRE and TDM-ICIC but also the location, transmission power, and antenna tilt for each pico BS are determined. Cell planning is conducted for traffic distribution generated by reference to realistic traffic distribution by a greedy algorithm based on the proposed cell-planning model. The result shows that the solution algorithm finds a good approximate solution which covers all data traffic by installing one pico BS with CRE bias value = 8 dB and setting the muted subframe ratio = 0.2.