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A simple antenna structure for a multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) system in a mobile terminal with spatial diversity is presented. A single antenna element consists of a combination of an electric dipole and a square magnetic slot. The studies with a single quasi-complementary antenna element show that the electric dipole and the square-shaped magnetic slot are partially compensating the effect of the electric conductor closely spaced to the electric dipole (0.0037-0.01λ) . Simulations also show that by scaling antenna structure, a 0.7-2.1-GHz frequency bandwidth can be achieved. The measured -6-dB impedance bandwidth of the MIMO antenna prototype is from 2.0 to 5.6 GHz, corresponding to a 95% relative bandwidth. The measured S21 is less than - 19 dB within the - 6-dB impedance bandwidth. The average measured total efficiency at the aforementioned bandwidth is - 0.85 dB. The measured radiation patterns are presented at 2 and 5 GHz with a maximum total gain of 2.8 and 5.7 dBi, respectively. The measured envelope correlation of the MIMO antenna is less than 0.04 with 90% MIMO efficiency within the -6-dB impedance bandwidth.
Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters, IEEE (Volume:11 )
Date of Publication: 2012