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Eco-Routing Navigation System Based on Multisource Historical and Real-Time Traffic Information

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4 Author(s)
Boriboonsomsin, K. ; Center for Environ. Res. & Technol., Univ. of California, Riverside, Riverside, CA, USA ; Barth, M.J. ; Weihua Zhu ; Vu, A.

Due to increased public awareness on global climate change and other energy and environmental problems, a variety of strategies are being developed and used to reduce the energy consumption and environmental impact of roadway travel. In advanced traveler information systems, recent efforts have been made in developing a new navigation concept called “eco-routing,” which finds a route that requires the least amount of fuel and/or produces the least amount of emissions. This paper presents an eco-routing navigation system that determines the most eco-friendly route between a trip origin and a destination. It consists of the following four components: 1) a Dynamic Roadway Network database, which is a digital map of a roadway network that integrates historical and real-time traffic information from multiple data sources through an embedded data fusion algorithm; 2) an energy/emissions operational parameter set, which is a compilation of energy/emission factors for a variety of vehicle types under various roadway characteristics and traffic conditions; 3) a routing engine, which contains shortest path algorithms used for optimal route calculation; and 4) user interfaces that receive origin-destination inputs from users and display route maps to the users. Each of the system components and the system architecture are described. Example results are also presented to prove the validity of the eco-routing concept and to demonstrate the operability of the developed eco-routing navigation system. In addition, current limitations of the system and areas for future improvements are discussed.

Published in:

Intelligent Transportation Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:13 ,  Issue: 4 )