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Lyapunov Function-Based Current Controller to Control Active and Reactive Power Flow From a Renewable Energy Source to a Generalized Three-Phase Microgrid System

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4 Author(s)
Dasgupta, S. ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Nat. Univ. of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore ; Mohan, S.N. ; Sahoo, S.K. ; Panda, S.K.

In this paper, a novel current control technique, implemented in the a-b-c frame, for a three-phase inverter is proposed to control the active and reactive power flow from the renewable energy source to a three-phase generalized microgrid system. The proposed control system not only controls the grid power flow but also reduces the grid current total harmonic distortion in the presence of typical nonlinear loads. The control system shapes the grid current taking into account the grid voltage unbalance, harmonics as well as unbalance in line side inductors. The stability of the control system is ensured by the direct method of Lyapunov. A SRC is also proposed to improve the performance of the current controller by estimating the periodic disturbances of the system. The proposed control system (implemented digitally) provides superior performance over the conventional multiple proportional-integral and proportional-resonant control methods due to the absence of the PARK's transformation blocks as well as phase lock loop requirement in the control structure. A new inverter modeling technique is also presented to take care of unbalances both in grid voltages and line side inductors. Experimental results are provided to show the efficacy of the proposed control system.

Published in:

Industrial Electronics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:60 ,  Issue: 2 )