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In this paper, a novel photonic-assisted broadband and high-resolution radio-frequency (RF) channelization scheme based on dual coherent optical frequency combs (OFCs), regular optical de-muxes, and I/Q demodulators is analyzed and experimentally demonstrated. The use of two coherent combs avoids precise optical alignment, and a numerical filter in digital signal processor (DSP) enables an ideal rectangular frequency response in each channel without any ultranarrow optical filters. Besides, due to the use of I/Q demodulators, ambiguous frequency estimate in direct detection is avoided. By using two coherent OFCs with the free spectrum range (FSR) of about 40 GHz, we experimentally demonstrate the channelization scheme with seven channels, 500-MHz channel spacing, and frequency coverage from 3.75 to 7.25 GHz. The input RF tones are accurately downconverted to an intermediate frequency (IF) with a maximum frequency error of 125 kHz. Meanwhile, the channel frequency response and crosstalk of the scheme are also evaluated experimentally.