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Automatic airway analysis for genome-wide association studies in COPD

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9 Author(s)
San Jose Estepar, R. ; Brigham & Women''s Hosp., Boston, MA, USA ; Ross, J.C. ; Kindlmann, G.L. ; Diaz, A.
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We present an image pipeline for airway phenotype extraction suitable for large-scale genetic and epidemiological studies including genome-wide association studies (GWAS) in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). We use scale-space particles to densely sample intraparenchymal airway locations in a large cohort of high-resolution CT scans. The particle methodology is based on a constrained energy minimization problem that results in a set of candidate airway points situated in both physical space and scale. Those points are further clustered using connected components filtering to increase their specificity. Finally, we use the particle locations to perform airway wall detection using an edge detector based on the zero-crossing of the second order derivative. Given the airway wall locations, we compute three phenotypes for airway disease: wall thickening (Pi 10, WA%) and luminal remodeling (P%). We validate the airway extraction technique and present results in 2,500 scans for the association of the extracted phenotypes with clinical outcomes that will be deployed as part of the COPDGene study GWAS analysis.

Published in:

Biomedical Imaging (ISBI), 2012 9th IEEE International Symposium on

Date of Conference:

2-5 May 2012