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To the problems of uncertain property values of target recognition (TR), this research has focused on the application of intuitionistic fuzzy reasoning (IFR) and a novel technique for TR has been proposed in this study. First, the inaccuracy and vulnerabilities of the existing TR methods are analysed as well as the specific aerial TR and the characteristics of recognition issues stated. Then, the membership and non-membership functions of property variables of system are designed. Subsequently, the inference rules of the TR system are constructed with algorithms for reasoning and defuzzification devised, as rationality of constructed rules checked. Finally, the results of the proposed technique show a significant improvement, while improving recognition efficiency, providing an explicit reasoning process and even matching more reliability via an instance with emulator, also by which the validity and applicability are checked.