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Enhanced high-level Petri nets with multiple colors for knowledge verification/validation of rule-based expert systems

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2 Author(s)
Chih-Hung Wu ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Nat. Sun Yat-Sen Univ., Kaohsiung, Taiwan ; Shie-Jue Lee

Exploring the properties of rule-based expert systems through Petri net models has received a lot of attention. Traditional Petri nets provide a straightforward but inadequate method for knowledge verification/validation of rule-based expert systems. We propose an enhanced high-level Petri net model in which variables and negative information can be represented and processed properly. Rule inference is modeled exactly and some important aspects in rule-based systems (RBSs), such as conservation of facts, refraction, and closed-world assumption, are considered in this model. With the coloring scheme proposed in this paper, the tasks involved in checking the logic structure and output correctness of an RES are formally investigated. We focus on the detection of redundancy, conflicts, cycles, unnecessary conditions, dead ends, and unreachable goals in an RES. These knowledge verification/validation (KVV) tasks are formulated as the reachability problem and improper knowledge can be detected by solving a set of equations with respect to multiple colors. The complexity of our method is discussed and a comparison of our model with other Petri net models is presented

Published in:

Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Part B: Cybernetics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:27 ,  Issue: 5 )