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Diversity Analysis of Group Vector Perturbation Precoding

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2 Author(s)
Tosato, F. ; Telecommun. Res. Lab., Toshiba Res. Eur., Bristol, UK ; Sandell, M.

We study the effect on diversity of using the sphere encoder-based vector perturbation (VP) technique of Peel and the lattice reduction-aided techniques (Babai approximations) of Windpassinger on a subset of the transmitted symbols. For a system with n diversity channels, we prove that the diversity order gap between the maximum diversity of n achieved by the full-size VP and the minimum diversity of 1 provided by linear precoding can be bridged by applying VP to a group of transmitted symbols. In particular, we prove that the diversity order is n-l , where l is the number of symbols that are not vector-perturbed. We show that this result holds true for lattice-reduction with both the rounding-off and nearest plane Babai approximations. The result shows that in terms of diversity, the group of vector-perturbed users counts as a single user. In fact, in a multiple-input and multiple-output Gaussian broadcast channel with l linearly precoded users, we can add up to n-l VP users and the diversity order for all users will decrease only by one, irrespective of how many VP users are added.

Published in:

Information Theory, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:58 ,  Issue: 10 )