By Topic

Token-based opportunistic scheduling protocol for cognitive radios with distributed beamforming

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $31
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

4 Author(s)
Liu, J. ; State Key Lab. on Microwave & Digital Commun., Tsinghua Nat. Lab. for Inf. Sci. & Technol. (TNList), Dept. of Electron. Eng., Tsinghua Univ., Beijing, China ; Chen, W. ; Cao, Z. ; Zhang, Y.J.

The authors propose a cross-layer approach, which exploits distributed beamforming in the physical layer and token passing in the media access control (MAC) layer, to improve quality of service (QoS) for secondary users (SUs) with bursty traffics in cognitive relay systems. In this scheme, source-to-destination transmissions are relayed by some SU nodes, which can form a distributed beamformer to forward messages in busy timeslots while completely eliminating interference to primary users (PUs). In contrast with previous cognitive relaying protocols, this scheme can utilise more spectrum resources, namely idle timeslots (or temporal spectrum holes) as well as busy timeslots (or spatial spectrum holes). Based on a token passing mechanism, an opportunistic scheduling protocol is then developed to dynamically balance available spectrum holes between the source and the relays, and hence adapts to bursty arrival of secondary traffics and random presence of PUs. By formulating a tandem queueing analytical framework, the performance of the proposed scheme is then analysed using a multi-dimensional Markov chain model. Numerical results demonstrate that the proposed scheme can achieve significant QoS gains over conventional cognitive relaying protocols that utilise only idle timeslots.

Published in:

Communications, IET  (Volume:6 ,  Issue: 8 )