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Secondary spectrum access and cell-edge coverage in cognitive cellular networks

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2 Author(s)
Zarrebini-Esfahani, A. ; Centre for Telecommun. Res., King's Coll. London, London, UK ; Nakhai, M.R.

This study focuses on the problem of cell-edge user coverage in the context of cognitive radio networks operating within the vicinity of primary cell borders. Two strategies are introduced such that the primary cell-edge users get assisted by the cognitive base station (BS) to receive a consistent quality of service (QoS) because of their long distance from the primary BS. In return, the cognitive BS is rewarded by using the same spectrum that has already been allocated to the primary users' link to serve a group of cognitive users. In the first strategy that we call cooperative, the cognitive BS relays the primary cell-edge users' data, sent by the primary BS, through spatial multiplexing and beamforming, while transmitting towards its cognitive users. In the second strategy that we call soft interference shaping, the cognitive BS serves cognitive users as well as primary cell-edge users by spatial multiplexing and beamforming, while forming controlled nulls towards the primary users located outside but within the close vicinity of the cognitive cell border. This technique is done to avoid the interference towards the primary users surrounding the cognitive cells border.

Published in:

Communications, IET  (Volume:6 ,  Issue: 8 )