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A novel generic topology for two-dimensional (2-D) sparse multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) ultrawideband (UWB) arrays is suggested. Based on the proposed topology, a 2-D MIMO UWB array for high-resolution short-range imaging is developed. The focusing properties of this array are studied both theoretically and experimentally and are shown to be superior to those of arrays with a similar number of antennas and based on known topologies such as Mills Cross, rectangular, and spiral configurations. Decisive impact of a large operational bandwidth and short focusing distance on MIMO array performance is shown. Imaging capabilities of the proposed array are experimentally demonstrated for distributed targets.
Date of Publication: Sept. 2012