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This paper proposes a method of localizing multiple current dipoles from spatio-temporal biomagnetic data. The method is based on the multiple signal classification (MUSIC) algorithm and is tolerant of the influence of background brain activity. In this method, the noise covariance matrix is estimated using a portion of the data that contains noise, but does not contain any signal information. Then, a modified noise subspace projector is formed using the generalized eigenvectors of the noise and measured-data covariance matrices. The MUSIC localizer is calculated using this noise subspace projector and the noise covariance matrix. The results from a computer simulation have verified the effectiveness of the method. The method was then applied to source estimation for auditory-evoked fields elicited by syllable speech sounds. The results strongly suggest the method's effectiveness in removing the influence of background activity.
Date of Publication: Sept. 1997