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Enable the inherent omni-directionality of an absolute coupled dark state magnetometer for e.g. scientific space applications

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7 Author(s)
Pollinger, A. ; Space Res. Inst., Graz, Austria ; Ellmeier, M. ; Magnes, W. ; Hagen, C.
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The Coupled Dark State Magnetometer (CDSM) is an optically-pumped absolute scalar magnetometer which is based on two-photon spectroscopy of free alkali atoms. Several magnetic field dependent resonances occur in the presence of an external magnetic field, reaching their maximal strengths at different angles between the magnetic field direction and the reference axis of the sensor defined by the optical path of the laser excitation field. Dependent on this angle the strongest available resonances are selected. This enables an omni-directional dead zone free measurement. The paper discusses the measurement principle, describes the technical realization of the resonance switching, investigates the influence of this transition on the magnetic field measurement and proposes a method to detect the angle of the magnetic field direction in relation to the optical axis. The results presented within this paper show that dead zone free magnetic field measurements are possible with the CDSM without the need of a complex sensor design, e.g. additional moving parts or excitation coils.

Published in:

Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference (I2MTC), 2012 IEEE International

Date of Conference:

13-16 May 2012