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A tunable fourth-order bandpass ΔΣ modulator (BDSM) designed and fabricated in 0.25μm SiGe BiCMOS technology is presented. The designed modulator relaxes switching conditions for the amplification stage of the switch-mode power amplifier in comparison to the BDSM architecture. The BDSM is clocked at 5 GHz, while the notch frequency can be tuned in a range of 2.1-2.2 GHz. The modulator achieves 46.6-dB signal-to-noise and distortion ratio in 10-MHz bandwidth for a sine-wave input at 2.2 GHz consuming 330 mW from a 3-V supply. The BDSM was also tested with a single-channel WCDMA signal. It has demonstrated 42.2-dBc adjacent channel leakage ratio at 5-MHz offset and less than 2.1% error vector magnitude over the tuning range.
Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:60 , Issue: 8 )
Date of Publication: Aug. 2012