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Exploiting Channel Diversity in Secret Key Generation From Multipath Fading Randomness

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3 Author(s)
Yanpei Liu ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI, USA ; Draper, S.C. ; Sayeed, A.M.

We design and analyze a method to extract secret keys from the randomness inherent to wireless channels. We study a channel model for a multipath wireless channel and exploit the channel diversity in generating secret key bits. We compare the key extraction methods based both on entire channel state information (CSI) and on single channel parameter such as the received signal strength indicators (RSSI). Due to the reduction in the degree-of-freedom when going from CSI to RSSI, the rate of key extraction based on CSI is far higher than that based on RSSI. This suggests that exploiting channel diversity and making CSI information available to higher layers would greatly benefit the secret key generation. We propose a key generation system based on low-density parity-check (LDPC) codes and describe the design and performance of two systems: one based on binary LDPC codes and the other (useful at higher signal-to-noise ratios) based on four-ary LDPC codes.

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Information Forensics and Security, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:7 ,  Issue: 5 )