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This paper proposes an Energy Management System for the optimal operation of Smart Grids and Microgrids, using Fully Connected Neuron Networks combined with Optimal Power Flow. An adaptive training algorithm based on Genetic Algorithms, Fuzzy Clustering and Neuron-by-Neuron Algorithms is used for generating new clusters and new neural networks. The proposed approach, integrating Demand Side Management and Active Management Schemes, allows significant enhancements in energy saving, customers' active participation in the open market and exploitation of renewable energy resources. The effectiveness of the proposed Energy Management System and adaptive training algorithm is verified on a 23-bus 11 kV microgrid.
Date of Publication: Nov. 2012