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Anesthesia information management systems (AIMS) are being increasingly used in the operating room to document anesthesia care. We developed a system, Smart Anesthesia ManagerTM (SAM) that works in conjunction with an AIMS to provide clinical and billing decision support. SAM interrogates AIMS database in near real time, detects issues related to clinical care, billing and compliance, and material waste. Issues and the steps for their resolution are brought to the attention of the anesthesia provider in real time through “pop-up” messages overlaid on top of AIMS screens or text pages. SAM improved compliance to antibiotic initial dose and redose to 99.3 ± 0.7% and 83.9 ± 3.4% from 88.5 ± 1.4% and 62.5 ± 1.6%, respectively. Beta-blocker protocol compliance increased to 94.6 ± 3.5% from 60.5 ± 8.6%. Inadvertent gaps (>;15 min) in blood pressure monitoring were reduced to 34 ± 30 min/1000 cases from 192 ± 58 min/1000 cases. Additional billing charge capture of invasive lines procedures worth $144,732 per year and 1,200 compliant records were achieved with SAM. SAM was also able to reduce wastage of inhalation anesthetic agents worth $120,168 per year.