By Topic

Rapid and Sensitive Detection of Malaria Antigen in Human Blood With Lab-on-a-Chip

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$33 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

3 Author(s)
C. Christopher Stemple ; Biomedical Engineering Graduate Interdisciplinary Program and the Department of Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA ; Hyuck-Jin Kwon ; Jeong-Yeol Yoon

A novel lab-on-a-chip detection device, based on the properties of immunoagglutination, was modified to detect malaria in the human blood through histidine-rich protein 2, an antigen expressed only by Plasmodium falciparum. Utilizing Mie scattering detection, which is angle- and size-dependent, the extent of immunoagglutination could be accurately measured while the optical disturbance from the human blood was minimized. The presence of human serum albumin in the blood is believed to further stabilize the antibody-conjugated submicron beads and/or break off the larger agglutinated beads. The lowest detection limit was 1 pg/mL in 10% of whole blood (equivalent to 10 pg/mL in undiluted whole blood), a few orders of magnitude lower than other assays. The final device is compact, with a fast assay time of approximately 8 min.

Published in:

IEEE Sensors Journal  (Volume:12 ,  Issue: 9 )