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Successive refinement of side information using adaptive search area for long duration GOPs in distributed video coding

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5 Author(s)
Abou-Elailah, A. ; Signal & Image Process. Dept., TELECOM Paristech, Paris, France ; Dufaux, F. ; Cagnazzo, M. ; Pesquet-Popescu, B.
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In distributed video coding, the reference frames are used to generate a side information at the decoder in order to decode the Wyner-Ziv frame. The quality of side information has a strong impact on the coding efficiency of distributed video coding. The estimation of the side information becomes less accurate when the temporal distance between the neighboring reference frames increases or when the sequence contains fast motion. In this paper, we propose a new method based on successive refinement of the side information by adapting the motion search area after decoding the first DCT band. More specifically, different search areas are initially set, according to the temporal distance between the neighboring reference frames. Furthermore, the size of the search area is adapted to the motion content after decoding the first DCT band by using the partially decoded Wyner-Ziv frame. This adapted search area is used in order to refine the side information after decoding each remaining DCT band. The experimental results show that the proposed technique allows an improvement in rate distortion performance that can reach 0.7 dB for a GOP size of 8, compared to the method where a constant search area is used, and a significant gain up to 3.23 dB, with respect to DISCOVER codec. The improvement in the quality of the final side information reaches 5.6 dB for some frames, compared to constant search area. Moreover, the proposed method reduces significantly the decoding time for all test sequences.

Published in:

Telecommunications (ICT), 2012 19th International Conference on

Date of Conference:

23-25 April 2012