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Time Adaptive Conditional Kernel Density Estimation for Wind Power Forecasting

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5 Author(s)
Ricardo J. Bessa ; INESC TEC—INESC Technology and Science (formerly INESC Porto) and FEUP—Faculty of Engineering, University of Porto, Portugal ; Vladimiro Miranda ; Audun Botterud ; Jianhui Wang
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This paper reports the application of a new kernel density estimation model based on the Nadaraya-Watson estimator, for the problem of wind power uncertainty forecasting. The new model is described, including the use of kernels specific to the wind power problem. A novel time-adaptive approach is presented. The quality of the new model is benchmarked against a splines quantile regression model currently in use in the industry. The case studies refer to two distinct wind farms in the United States and show that the new model produces better results, evaluated with suitable quality metrics such as calibration, sharpness, and skill score.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy  (Volume:3 ,  Issue: 4 )