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We demonstrate a low-cost colorless optical network unit (ONU) utilizing silicon photonic components for wavelength division multiplexed passive-optical-networks. At the ONU, a waveguide-coupled microring works as a demultiplexer for separating the downstream signal from the centrally distributed continuous-wave (CW) light. The 10-Gb/s downstream signal is received using a waveguide-integrated germanium photodetector while the CW light is further modulated at 5 Gb/s using a silicon microring modulator for upstream signal generation. Error-free transmission over 25-km single mode fiber is achieved with 0.2- and 0.4-dB power penalties for the downstream and upstream signals, respectively. Complementary metal-oxide semiconductor-compatible silicon photonic technology offers the potential for monolithic integration and mass production.
Date of Publication: Aug.15, 2012