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Josephson latching logic gates require an ac power supply for correct operation. Owing to the difficulty in fabricating Josephson regulators for large power currents, multi-phase sinusoidal power supply is the preferred method for multi-gigahertz operation. However, the inherently variable ac power reduces device margin for covering process variations. As a result, there exists a strong relationship between circuit size, maximum operating frequency and circuit throughput for a given available margin. The trade-offs between these performance criteria are analyzed for 3-junction-interferometer-based logic gates. Experimental evaluation of the multi-gigahertz operation of small circuits showed that careful design of power supply networks that reduce power supply fluctuations will be needed to maximize performance. Simulation and experimental results are discussed.