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User Transparent Data and Task Parallel Multimedia Computing with Pyxis-DT

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5 Author(s)
Timo van Kessel ; Dept. of Comput. Sci., VU Univ. Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands ; Niels Drost ; Jason Maassen ; Henri E. Bal
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The research area of Multimedia Content Analysis (MMCA) considers all aspects of the automated extraction of knowledge from multimedia archives and data streams. To satisfy the increasing computational demands of emerging MMCA problems, there is an urgent need to apply High Performance Computing (HPC) techniques. However, as most MMCA researchers are not also HPC experts, in the field there is a demand~for~programming models and tools that are both efficient and easy~to~use. Today several user transparent library-based parallelization tools exist that aim to satisfy both these requirements. Such tools generally use a data parallel approach in which data structures (e.g. video frames) are scattered among the available nodes in a compute cluster. However, for certain MMCA applications a data parallel approach induces intensive communication, which significantly decreases performance. In these situations, we can benefit from applying alternative approaches. This paper presents Pyxis-DT: a user transparent parallel programming model for MMCA applications that employs both data and task parallelism. Hybrid parallel execution is obtained by run-time construction and execution of a task graph consisting of strictly defined building block operations. Each of these building block operations can be executed in data parallel fashion. Results show that for realistic MMCA applications the concurrent use of data and task parallelism can significantly improve performance compared to using either approach in isolation.

Published in:

Cluster, Cloud and Grid Computing (CCGrid), 2012 12th IEEE/ACM International Symposium on

Date of Conference:

13-16 May 2012