Skip to Main Content
In this paper, TiO2 semiconductive nanoparticles with a large relaxation time constant is added into transformer oil to form semiconductive nanofluids (SNFs), with the aim of enhancing insulating characteristics. ac, dc and lightning impulse breakdown voltage and partial discharge (PD) characteristics of oil samples before and after modification were measured according to ASTM standard methods. It was found that SNFs have ac, dc and lightning impulse breakdown voltage up to 1.2 times compared with pure oil. Meanwhile, the partial discharge resistance of SNFs was also dramatically improved. Charge trap and transportation characteristics of both samples have been measured by thermally stimulated current method (TSC) and pulse electroacoustic technique (PEA). It was found that electron shallow trap density and charge decay rate are greatly increased in semiconductive nanoparticles modified transformer oil. It is proposed that electron trapping and de-trapping processes in the shallow traps could be one of the main charge transport processes in dielectric liquids.