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One-stationary bistatic side-looking synthetic aperture radar (OS-BiSAR) data are more challenging to process than the translational azimuth-invariant bistatic counterparts because 2-D spatial variances exist in OS-BiSAR. To overcome the problem, extended-keystone-transform (EKT)-nonlinear-chirp-scaling (NLCS) imaging algorithm is proposed in this letter. The key steps of the proposed algorithm are deducing the twice EKTs to deal with the 2-D spatial variance of range cell migrations and equalizing the 2-D spatial variant Doppler FM rates by using the associative NLCS. As a result, raw data of OS-BiSAR can be well focused even with the 2-D spatial variances. The simulations given at the end of this letter verify the effectiveness of this imaging algorithm.
Date of Publication: March 2013