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A Generalized Directional Laplacian Distribution : Estimation, Mixture Models and Audio Source Separation

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1 Author(s)
Mitianoudis, N. ; Image Processing and Multimedia Laboratory, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Democritus University of Thrace, Xanthi, Greece

Directional or Circular statistics are pertaining to the analysis and interpretation of directions or rotations. In this work, a novel probability distribution is proposed to model multidimensional sparse directional data. The Generalized Directional Laplacian Distribution (DLD) is a hybrid between the Laplacian distribution and the von Mises-Fisher distribution. The distribution's parameters are estimated using Maximum-Likelihood Estimation over a set of training data points. Mixtures of Directional Laplacian Distributions (MDLD) are also introduced in order to model multiple concentrations of sparse directional data. The author explores the application of the derived DLD mixture model to cluster sound sources that exist in an underdetermined instantaneous sound mixture. The proposed model can solve the general ${Ktimes L~(K< L)}$ underdetermined instantaneous source separation problem, offering a fast and stable solution.

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Audio, Speech, and Language Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:20 ,  Issue: 9 )