Cart (Loading....) | Create Account
Close category search window
 

Hierarchical Patch-Based Sparse Representation—A New Approach for Resolution Enhancement of 4D-CT Lung Data

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

7 Author(s)
Zhang, Y. ; Department of Radiology and BRIC, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, U.S.A ; Wu, G. ; Yap, P.-T. ; Feng, Q.
more authors

Four-dimensional computed tomography (4D-CT) plays an important role in lung cancer treatment because of its capability in providing a comprehensive characterization of respiratory motion for high-precision radiation therapy. However, due to the inherent high-dose exposure associated with CT, dense sampling along superior–inferior direction is often not practical, thus resulting in an inter-slice thickness that is much greater than in-plane voxel resolutions. As a consequence, artifacts such as lung vessel discontinuity and partial volume effects are often observed in 4D-CT images, which may mislead dose administration in radiation therapy. In this paper, we present a novel patch-based technique for resolution enhancement of 4D-CT images along the superior–inferior direction. Our working premise is that anatomical information that is missing in one particular phase can be recovered from other phases. Based on this assumption, we employ a hierarchical patch-based sparse representation mechanism to enhance the superior–inferior resolution of 4D-CT by reconstructing additional intermediate CT slices. Specifically, for each spatial location on an intermediate CT slice that we intend to reconstruct, we first agglomerate a dictionary of patches from images of all other phases in the 4D-CT. We then employ a sparse combination of patches from this dictionary, with guidance from neighboring (upper and lower) slices, to reconstruct a series of patches, which we progressively refine in a hierarchical fashion to reconstruct the final intermediate slices with significantly enhanced anatomical details. Our method was extensively evaluated using a public dataset. In all experiments, our method outperforms the conventional linear and cubic-spline interpolation methods in preserving image details and also in suppressing misleading artifacts, indicating that our proposed method can potentially be applied to better image-guided radiation therapy of lung cancer- in the future.

Published in:

Medical Imaging, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:31 ,  Issue: 11 )

Date of Publication:

Nov. 2012

Need Help?


IEEE Advancing Technology for Humanity About IEEE Xplore | Contact | Help | Terms of Use | Nondiscrimination Policy | Site Map | Privacy & Opting Out of Cookies

A not-for-profit organization, IEEE is the world's largest professional association for the advancement of technology.
© Copyright 2014 IEEE - All rights reserved. Use of this web site signifies your agreement to the terms and conditions.