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Automatic Modulation Classification Using Combination of Genetic Programming and KNN

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3 Author(s)
Aslam, Muhammad Waqar ; Department of Electrical Engineering & Electronics, The University of Liverpool, UK ; Zhu, Zhechen ; Nandi, Asoke Kumar

Automatic Modulation Classification (AMC) is an intermediate step between signal detection and demodulation. It is a very important process for a receiver that has no, or limited, knowledge of received signals. It is important for many areas such as spectrum management, interference identification and for various other civilian and military applications. This paper explores the use of Genetic Programming (GP) in combination with K-nearest neighbor (KNN) for AMC. KNN has been used to evaluate fitness of GP individuals during the training phase. Additionally, in the testing phase, KNN has been used for deducing the classification performance of the best individual produced by GP. Four modulation types are considered here: BPSK, QPSK, QAM16 and QAM64. Cumulants have been used as input features for GP. The classification process has been divided into two-stages for improving the classification accuracy. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed method provides better classification performance compared to other recent methods.

Published in:

Wireless Communications, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:11 ,  Issue: 8 )