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This paper considers the power allocation problem in a relay-assisted Time-Division-Duplex-based multiple-cell system. In such a system, the achievable data rate of each user is not only coupled with those of others due to the inherent dynamic spatial frequency reuse therein, but also coupled between consecutive time slots due to the required two-hop transmission, which results in the so-called "spatial-coupling" and "time-coupling" nature, respectively. To address both of the two coupling effects in a relay assisted TDD cellular system, we formulate an optimal power allocation problem for the asynchronous scenario of the system where different cells work independently. We observe that the problem is non-convex and NP-hard, but can be converted to Geometric Programming (GP) problems and solved by interior-point methods. In case there is no central controller and/or massive information exchange among cells is prohibitive, game theory is employed to derive the distributed solutions. Finally, we validate the proposed algorithms by extensive simulations.
Date of Publication: July 2012