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Design and implementation of 18-band Quasi-ANSI S1.11 1/3-octave filter bank for digital hearing aids

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4 Author(s)
Ching-Hao Lin ; Dept. of Electron. Eng., Nat. Chiao Tung Univ., Hsinchu, Taiwan ; Kuo-Chiang Chang ; Ming-Hsun Chuang ; Chih-Wei Liu

The ANSI S1.11 1/3-octave filter bank is popular in many acoustic applications because it matches the human hearing characteristics. However, the long group delay and the high computational complexity limit the usage in hearing aids. A Quasi-ANSI S1.11 18-band 1/3-octave filter bank is proposed to reduce the group delay. With the matching error reduction method, the results show that the filter bank achieve comparable good matching between prescriptions and hearing aid response. The overall group delay is significantly reduced to 10ms compared to 78ms in the ANSI 1/3-octave filter bank design. Finally, the IFIR technique is adopted to minimize the computational complexity. For an 18-band digital hearing aid with 24 KHz sampling rate, the proposed architecture saves about 93% of multiplications and up to 74% of storage elements, comparing that with a parallel FIRs architecture. The test chip has been implemented in UMC 90 nm high-Vt CMOS technology, which consumes only 73 μW. By voltage scaling, the circuit-level simulation result exhibits that the power consumption of the test chip reduces to 27 μW, which is about 30% of that of the most energy-efficient design for digital hearing aids available in the literature.

Published in:

VLSI Design, Automation, and Test (VLSI-DAT), 2012 International Symposium on

Date of Conference:

23-25 April 2012