Skip to Main Content
Typical indoor environments contain multiple walls and obstacles consisting of different materials. As a result, current narrowband radio frequency (RF) indoor navigation systems cannot satisfy the challenging demands for most indoor applications. The RF ultra wideband (UWB) system is a promising technology for indoor localisation owing to its high bandwidth that permits mitigation of the multipath identification problem. This work proposes a novel UWB navigation system that permits accurate mobile robot (MR) navigation in indoor environments. The navigation system is composed of two sub-systems: the localisation system and the MR control system. The main contributions of this work are focused on estimation algorithm for localisation, digital implementation of transmitter and receiver and integration of both sub-systems that enable autonomous robot navigation. For sub-systems performance evaluation, statics and dynamics experiments were carried out which demonstrated that the proposed system reached an accuracy that outperforms traditional sensors technologies used in robot navigation, such as odometer and sonar.
Date of Publication: June 2012