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Low Complexity Pilot Assisted Carrier Frequency Offset Estimation for OFDMA Uplink Systems

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4 Author(s)
Lee, Kilbom ; School of Electrical Engineering, Korea University, Seoul, Korea ; Moon, Sung-Hyun ; Sang-Rim Lee ; Inkyu Lee

In this letter, we propose a low complexity pilot aided carrier frequency offset (CFO) estimation algorithm for orthogonal frequency division multiplexing access (OFDMA) uplink systems based on two consecutive received OFDMA symbols. Assuming that the channels and the CFOs are static over the two consecutive symbols, we express the second received OFDMA symbol in terms of the CFOs and the first OFDMA symbol. Based on this signal model, a new estimation algorithm which obtains the CFOs by minimizing the mean square distance between the received OFDMA symbol and its regenerated signal is provided. Also, we implement the proposed algorithm via fast Fourier transform (FFT) operations by utilizing the block matrix inversion lemma and the conjugate gradient method. Simulation results show that the proposed algorithm approaches the average Cramer Rao bound for moderate and high signal to noise ratio (SNR) regions. Moreover, the algorithm can be applied for any carrier assignment schemes with low complexity.

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Wireless Communications, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:11 ,  Issue: 8 )