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A simplified model of corona discharge for finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) computations has been applied to analyzing lightning surges propagating along overhead wires with corona discharge. The FDTD computations simulate the experiments of Inoue and Wagner . In Inoue's experiment, a 12.65-mm radius, 1.4-km-long overhead wire was employed, and in Wagner 's experiment, a 21- or 25-mm radius, 2.2-km-long overhead horizontal wire was employed. The critical electric field on the surface of the 12.65-mm-radius wire for corona initiation is set to E0 = 1.4, 2.4, or 2.9 MV/m, and those for 21- and 25-mm-radius wires are set to E0 = 2.2 and 2.1 MV/m, respectively. The critical background electric field for streamer propagation is set to Ecp = 0.5 MV/m for positive voltage application and Ecn = 1.5 MV/m for negative voltage application. The FDTD-computed waveforms (including wavefront distortion and attenuation at later times) of surge voltages at three different distances from the energized end of the wire agree reasonably well with the corresponding measured waveforms. Also, the FDTD-computed waveforms of surge voltages induced on a nearby parallel bundled conductor agree fairly well with the corresponding measured waveforms.
Electromagnetic Compatibility, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:54 , Issue: 6 )
Date of Publication: Dec. 2012