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In multiview video coding (MVC), disparity-compensated prediction (DCP) exploits the correlation among different views. A common approach is to use block-based motion-compensated prediction (MCP) tools to predict the disparity effect among different views. However, some regions in different views may have various deformations due to nonconstant depth. Thus, performance of DCP is not satisfactory with the simple translational model assumed in conventional block-based MCP tools. Previous attempts to achieve better disparity prediction were usually too complex for practical use. In this paper, horizontal scaling and shearing (HSS) effects are investigated to increase interview prediction accuracy for stereo video. HSS deformations are common among images of horizontally aligned views, due to horizontal and vertical flat surfaces that are not parallel with projection image planes. To achieve HSS-based DCP with minimal complexity, an efficient subsampled block-matching technique is adopted and integrated into MVC extension of H.264/AVC in stereo profile. Affine parameters estimation and additional frame buffers are not required and the overall increase of computational complexity and memory requirements are moderate. Experimental results show that the new technique can achieve up to 5.25% bitrate reduction in interview prediction using JM17.0 reference software implementation.
Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, IEEE Transactions on (Volume:22 , Issue: 10 )
Date of Publication: Oct. 2012