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Video Super-Resolution Using Codebooks Derived From Key-Frames

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5 Author(s)
Hung, E.M. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Univ. de Brasilia, Gama, Brazil ; de Queiroz, R.L. ; Brandi, F. ; de Oliveira, K.F.
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Example-based super-resolution (SR) is an attractive option to Bayesian approaches to enhance image resolution. We use a multiresolution approach to example-based SR and discuss codebook construction for video sequences. We match a block to be super-resolved to a low-resolution version of the reference high-resolution image blocks. Once the match is found, we carefully apply the high-frequency contents of the chosen reference block to the one to be super-resolved. In essence, the method relies on “betting” that if the low-frequency contents of two blocks are very similar, their high-frequency contents also might match. In particular, we are interested in scenarios where examples can be picked up from readily available high-resolution images that are strongly related to the frame to be super-resolved. Hence, they constitute an excellent source of material to construct a dynamic codebook. Here, we propose a method to super-resolve a video using multiple overlapped variable-block-size codebooks. We implemented a mixed-resolution video coding scenario, where some frames are encoded at a higher resolution and can be used to enhance the other lower-resolution ones. In another scenario, we consider the framework where the camera captures a video at a lower resolution and also takes periodic snapshots at a higher resolution. Results indicate substantial gains over interpolation and fixed-codebook SR, and significant gains over previous works as well.

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Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:22 ,  Issue: 9 )