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Anisotropy in three-phase transformer circuit model

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2 Author(s)
Elleuch, M. ; Lab. de Syst Electrique, Ecole Nat. dIngenieurs, Tunis, Tunisia ; Poloujadoff, M.

In this paper, an important discussion of transformer design and modeling is given. Anisotropy effects of the transformer laminations have been stressed in the light of the investigation of a three-phase three-limb transformer T-joint. Three simple T-joint modeling schemes accounting for the lamination anisotropy are proposed. The fundamental result is that the flux lines remain almost parallel to the rolling direction (RD), except in a small area around the T-joint. Therefore, transformer yokes and limbs have been divided into longitudinal elements according to the RD. Reluctances related to these elements are connected according to the magnetic circuit coupling and yield a new transformer circuit model. A good agreement is obtained between computed and measured transient currents. Furthermore, the new transformer model enables some localized analysis. The computed localized fluxes and loci of flux density vectors near to the T-joint exhibit a satisfactory agreement with many results based on FEM or experimental investigations

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Magnetics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:33 ,  Issue: 5 )